Beethoven Piano Sonatas Op. 101 & Op. 106, Hammerklavier Mari Kodama

Cover Beethoven Piano Sonatas Op. 101 & Op. 106, Hammerklavier

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Label: PentaTone

Genre: Instrumental

Subgenre: Piano

Album including Album cover Booklet (PDF)


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  • Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827): Piano Sonata No. 29 in B flat major, Op. 106 Grosse Sonate für das Hammerklavier
  • 1I. Allegro11:12
  • 2II. Scherzo - Assai vivace - Presto - Tempo I02:42
  • 3III. Adagio sostenuto, appassionato e con molto sentimento15:53
  • 4IV. Largo - Allegro risoluto11:36
  • Piano Sonata No. 28 in A major, Op. 101
  • 5I. Etwas lebhaft und mit der innigsten Empfindung03:41
  • 6II. Lebhaft. Marschmassig05:46
  • 7III. Langsam und sehnsuchtsvoll02:27
  • 8IV. Geschwind, doch nicht zu sehr, und mit Entschlossenheit06:56
  • Total Runtime01:00:13

Info for Beethoven Piano Sonatas Op. 101 & Op. 106, Hammerklavier

This latest release is part of the Beethoven series with Mari Kodama. The pianist has established an international reputation for her musical sensitivity and outstanding virtuosity.

Sonata in A major, Op. 101
Beethoven wrote his four-movement Sonata in A major, Op. 101, between 1813-1816, and dedicated it to his pupil Dorothea von Erdmann. The sonata was printed in Vienna in 1817 and possesses a high concentration of many of the characteristics asso- ciated with Beethoven’s late style: an expansion of the sonata form, the use of fugal techniques, and a highly developed lyrical expression. Furthermore, this is the first sonata to which Beethoven adds in the title the extra words “for the fortepiano”; the instrument in which the strings are struck by small hammers, and which had stood in Beethoven’s house since 1817 in the form of a grand piano supplied by the English piano-builder Thomas Broadwood. The work displays distinctive features straight away, due to its large dimensions. Thus, the second movement is not the usual scherzo, but a march-like structure. The Finale provides a substantial conclusion, with fairly long fugal sec- tions. It is preceded by a slow movement, which feels more like an introduction; consequently, the first movement in fact takes over the function of the slow movement, thanks to its reduced concise- ness. These few brief observations make it clear that Op. 101 is a highly individual composition.

Sonata in B-flat major, Op. 106
Despite Beethoven having already employed the term “Hammerklavier” (= fortepiano) when referring to his Sonata in A major, Op. 101, it is the Sonata in B flat major, Op. 106, composed during 1817-1819, that is known as the Hammerklavier Sonata, as the “clan- destine opus maximus” (Mauser). Lasting almost 50 minutes, this is not only the longest, but probably also the most monumental piano sonata to have emerged from the early Romantic period. It presents both a terrific summary of the history of the sonata to date, and an audacious preview of developments yet to come. Everything here forms a unified whole, and what is more, literal quotes are no longer a necessary requisite to ensure the flow of the move- ments in a cyclical manner. Beethoven goes into great depth here, hell-bent on the creation of the movement, so to speak, at the level of the composi- tional atoms. And he accomplishes this while at the same time dealing with the death of his brother, his increasingly rapid loss of hearing that finally leads to total deafness, and his dramatic financial problems! Beethoven needs money urgently – and so he simply pens this work, and sends it to his publisher with the following words: “Here is a sonata that will give the pianist something to really get his teeth into, that will be played in 50 years time.” And to his pupil Carl Czerny, who first performed the work in 1823-24, he wrote as follows: “I am now writing a sonata that will be my very greatest.”

Mari Kodama, piano

Recording venue: Concertboerderij “Onder de Linden”, Valthermond, the Netherlands (2/2013) Recording producer: Wilhelm Hellweg
Balance engineer: Jean-Marie Geijsen
Recording engineer: Jean-Marie Geijsen
Editing: Erdo Groot, Jean-Marie Geijsen

Mari Kodama - Piano
Mari Kodama has established an international reputation for profound musicality and articulate virtuosity at the keyboard. In performances throughout Europe, the United States and Japan, she plays a broad repertoire in a powerful yet elegant style.

The 06/07 season begins with performances of the Mozart Double Piano Concerto in Japan with her sister, Momo Kodama, and a recital at the Roque d'Antheron Festival in France. In the U.S. this season, Ms. Kodama plays Beethoven Piano Concerto No.2 with the Philaharmonia Baroque in San Francisco, Beethoven Piano Concerto No.4 with David Stahl and the Charleston Symphony, and the Haydn Concerto with Mark Wigglesworth and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. This season also marks the end of her complete Beethoven sonata cycles in Tokyo and Nagoya, as well as the completion of her recording of all five Beethoven Piano concerti with Kent Nagano and the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin.

Recent highlights include Mozart concerti with the Gulbenkian Orchestra in Portugal as well as Beethoven concerto performances with orchestras in Montreal, Venezuela, Singapore, and Berlin. She played the Schoenberg Concerto with Jonathan Nott and the Bamberg Symphony, a work she has performed also with the American Symphony Orchestra, the Vienna Symphony, and on tour in the Netherlands. In Japan, Ms. Kodama is a regular guest with both the Tokyo Metropolitan Orchestra and the Yomiuri Nippon Orchestra in Tokyo. She played a surpassingly well-received complete Beethoven sonata cycle in Los Angeles, and has appeared in recital in New York, Paris, throughout Japan, Spain and Germany, and much of the U.S. The Los Angeles Times pronounced her performance of the Prokofiev Third Piano Concerto at the San Luis Obispo Mozart Festival 'commanding and electrifying.' Ms. Kodama has recorded Prokofiev concerti Nos. 1 and 3 with the Philharmonia Orchestra on the ASV label, and Chopin No. 2 and Carl Loewe's 2nd piano concerto with the Russian National Orchestra on PentaTone Classics. She is also featured on a new recording of Beethoven piano sonatas [PTC 5186-023]. This release, the second installment in her traversal of the complete Beethoven sonatas for the Dutch label, features the 'Moonlight' sonata, Sonata No.4, Op.7, and the 'Pathétique' sonata. The recording is Ms. Kodama's third for the Pentatone label.

Ms. Kodama is a founding member of chamber music festivals in San Francisco, Sapporo and Gmunden. The most unusual of these endeavors is Musical Days at Forest Hill, a set of four concerts presented by Ms. Kodama and her husband, conductor Kent Nagano, at their home in the Forest Hill section of San Francisco ( Rave responses prompted the return of the series in July 2006, with performances by artists including Ms. Kodama, her sister Momo Kodama, baritone Dietrich Henschel and composer-pianist Ichiro Nodaïra. In previous seasons Ms. Kodama has invited friends and colleagues from the Vienna Philharmonic, the Berlin Philharmonic, Orchestre de Paris, and prominent freelancers from France, Austria and the U.S. to play chamber music at the Forest Hill Club House as a gift to the community. Repertoire ranges from Bach to Messiaen to Schoenberg to Schumann to Schubert, with newer music by such composers as Jacob Druckman and Kurt Rohde.

Born in Osaka and raised in Paris, Ms. Kodama studied piano at the Conservatoire National in Paris with Germaine Mounier and chamber music with Genevieve Joy-Dutilleux. She has also worked with Tatiana Nikolaeva and Alfred Brendel.

Ms. Kodama has played with such orchestras as the Berlin Philharmonic, London Philharmonic, Philharmonia Orchestra, Hallé Orchestra, the Montreal Symphony, the North German Radio Orchestra, Vienna Symphony, Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Berkeley Symphony, the American Symphony Orchestra, and the NHK Orchestra in Japan. She made her New York recital debut at Carnegie's Weill Recital Hall in 1995. Her U.S. festival appearances include Mostly Mozart, Bard Music Festival, the Hollywood Bowl, California's Midsummer Mozart Festival, Ravinia, and Aspen. In Europe she has appeared at festivals in Lockenhaus, Lyon, Montpelier, Salzburg, Aix-en-Provence, Aldeburgh, Verbier and Évian.

Kent Nagano - Conductor
Kent Nagano is renowned for interpretations of clarity, elegance and intelligence. He is equally at home in music of the classical, romantic and contemporary eras, introducing concert and opera audiences throughout the world to new and rediscovered music and offering fresh insights into established repertoire. In September 2006 he became Music Director of both the Bayerische Staatsoper and the Montreal Symphony Orchestra.

Born in California, Nagano maintains close connections with his home state and has been Music Director of the Berkeley Symphony Orchestra since 1978. His early professional years were spent in Boston, working in the opera house and as assistant conductor to Seiji Ozawa at the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He played a key role in the world premiere of Messiaen’s opera Saint François d’Assise at the request of the composer, who became a mentor and bequeathed his piano to the conductor. Nagano’s success in America led to European appointments: Music Director of the Opéra National de Lyon (1988-1998), Music Director of the Hallé Orchestra (1991-2000).

During Nagano’s first two seasons in Munich he conducted world premieres of Rihm’s Das Gehege (together with Strauss’s Salome) and Unsuk Chin’s Alice in Wonderlandalong with new productions of Mussorgsky’s Khovanshchina, Idomeneo, Eugene Onegin and Ariadne auf Naxos. This season he takes on new productions of Wozzeck andLohengrin. He has toured throughout Europe with the Bayerisches Staatsorchester and their recording of Bruckner’s Symphony No 4 was released earlier this year by Sony Classical.

A common thread has thus far run through Nagano’s time in Montreal: Beethoven and his musical heirs including Mendelssohn, Brahms, Schumann and Wagner. Highlights have also included Beethoven’s 9th Symphony, Schoenberg’s Gurrelieder and concert performances of Tannhäuser and Tristan und Isolde. In the summer of 2008 Nagano inaugurated the first Bel Canto Festival including performances of Bellini’s Norma in collaboration with Accademia Nazionale Santa Cecilia in Rome. He has also championed new works by Canadian composers including a commission by Alexina Louie which features Inuit throat singers and earlier this season celebrated Messiaen’s centennary with performances of St. François d’Assise. Nagano has taken the orchestra on a coast-to-coast tour of Canada and also to Japan and South Korea and in April 2009 an extensive tour of Europe. Their recordings together – Beethoven : Ideals of the French Revolution and Mahler’s Das Lied von der Erde were released this year on Sony Classical / Analekta.

A new and important phase of Kent Nagano’s career opened when he became Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin in 2000. He has become a prominent figure in a new wave of artistic thinking in Germany, opening minds to inventive, confrontational programming. In June 2006, at the end of his tenure with the orchestra, he was given the title Honorary Conductor by members of the orchestra, only the second recipient of this honour in their 60-year history.

Kent Nagano became the first Music Director of Los Angeles Opera in 2003 having already held the position of Principal Conductor for two years. His work in other opera houses has included Shostakovich’s The Nose (Deutsche Staatsoper Berlin), Rimsky Korsakov’s The Golden Cockerel (Châtelet, Paris), Saariaho’s L’amour de loin (Salzburg Festival), and Hindemith’s Cardillac (Opéra National de Paris).

As a much sought-after guest conductor he has worked with most of the world’s finest orchestras including the Vienna, Berlin and New York Philharmonic Orchestras and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He has recorded for Erato, Teldec, Pentatone and Deutsche Grammophon as well as Harmonia Mundi, winning Grammy awards for his recordings of Busoni’s Doktor Faust with Opéra National de Lyon, and Peter and the Wolf with the Russian National Orchestra.

Booklet for Beethoven Piano Sonatas Op. 101 & Op. 106, Hammerklavier

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